FLUGT - The Cemetery for German Refugees
When the Second World War ended, Europe was flooded by an enormous amount of refugees escaping from the horrors of the war. A quarter of a million civilians fled to Denmark from Germany in the last couple of months leading up to the official end of the war. After the Liberation in May 1945 it was decided to round up the incoming refugees in big camps so they could be send back to Germany as soon as the state of their nation got better. The biggest of these camps was placed right outside Oksbøl and with sometimes 36.000 refugees living there at the same time, the small town of Oksbøl essentially became the 5th largest city in Denmark.
The Cemetery for German Refugees in Oksbøl was established in order to have a place to bury the many dead German soldiers and refugees. Today, the cemetery serves as a memorial park with hundreds of crosses at the place where 1.797 people are buried. Especially in the early years of the camp the death rate was high and many of the casualties were children.
There is not many signs left of the existence of the refugee camp which is now mainly an overgrown plantation. There is, however, still traces of the old road network as well as the old hospital building. In 2016, plans were made to turn the old refugee camp’s hospital into a museum for refugees.
- In the months from February to May 1945, 250.000 German refugees came to Denmark.
- 1.797 people are buried at the Cemetery for German Refugees in Oksbøl.
- By the end of the Second World War, May 4th 1945, there were 1.100 interim refugee camps scattered all over Denmark. The biggest was placed at the small town of Oksbøl and housed up to 36.000 people at a time.
- The camp in Oksbøl had its own schools, churches, cinemas, theatres, hospitals and many other elements normally associated with a town.
- The plans for det upcoming museum for refugees is designed by Bjarke Ingels Group. The act of building the museum had not yet been started by the end of 2016.
Den Tyske Flygtningekirkegård
Præstegårdsvej 21, 6840 Oksbøl